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    Sarah Rüller, M.Sc.

    Mail: sarah.rueller(at)uni-siegen.de

    Room: US-E 103

    Phone: +49 (0)271/ 740 – 3474

    Vita

    Sarah Rüller holds a degree in media science (B.A.) and in Human Computer Interaction (M.Sc.) from the University of Siegen. She worked as a student assistant for the research project come_IN at Volker Wulf’s Chair of Information Systems and New Media and supervised computer club activities in Siegen and Bonn. Furthermore, she worked for Jens Schröter (Chair for Theory and Practice of Multimedia Systems at the University of Siegen, later Chair for Media Culture Studies at the University of Bonn). From November 2015 to February 2016 Sarah Rüller was also employed as a student assistant in the project for the social-integrative support of refugees in emergency accommodation at the University of Siegen and supervised the “Internet Café. Her bachelor thesis, significantly motivated and based on her interactions with Syrian refugees in emergency accommodation, is titled “Technological Management of Forced Migration among Syrian Refugees”.

    From March 2016 to December 2019 she worked as a research assistant in the subproject “B04 – Digital Publics and Social Transformation in the Maghreb” of the Collaborative Research Center 1187 – Media of Cooperation (https://www.mediacoop.uni-siegen.de/de/projekte/b04/). As part of the project, she completed several ethnographic field visits in the High Atlas in Morocco to establish and research a computer club. After her participation in the DAAD funded research exchange YALLAH! – You All Are Hackers in Palestine (http://yallah.exchange/) in 2016, Sarah Rüller coordinated the two subsequent exchange rounds together with Marios Mouratidis. In her master thesis “On the Trail of Media & Technology amidst Mountains, Transition & Culture: Design Case Study on the Viability and Sustainability of a socio-technical Intervention with Imazighen in rural Morocco” she reflects upon the establishment of the computer club and the methodological approach and identifies factors for sustainable ICT interventions in rural areas.

    Since January 2020 Sarah Rüller is working as a research associate at the Chair of Information Systems and New Media. She continues to work in subproject B04 of the Collaborative Research Center 1187 – Media of Cooperation. Her research interests are Ethnography in HCI, Intercultural Learning Settings and Community Cooperation and Innovation.

    Publications

    2021


    • Rüller, S., Aal, K., Holdermann, S., Tolmie, P., Hartmann, A., Rohde, M., Zillinger, M. & Wulf, V. (2021)‘Technology is Everywhere, we have the Opportunity to Learn it in the Valley’: The Appropriation of a Socio-Technical Enabling Infrastructure in the Moroccan High Atlas

      IN Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW) doi:10.1007/s10606-021-09401-8
      [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

      This paper describes the appropriation processes involved in establishing a socio-technical enabling infrastructure in a valley in the High Atlas of Morocco. We focus on the challenges of co-establishing such an intervention in a rural/mountainous region that is already undergoing a process of continuous development and profound transformation. We reflect upon the changes and unforeseen appropriation by our local partners and inhabitants in the valley of a computer club primarily used as an informal learning centre for school children. We followed an ethnographic approach and combined research perspectives from both socio-informatics and anthropology. This paper sheds light on what a successful cooperation and intervention in this kind of challenging environment can look like. It does this by taking seriously competing expectations, fragile infrastructural foundations and the socio-cultural context. Despite the challenges, the intervention managed to lead to the establishment of a socio-technical enabling infrastructure that plays a particularly valuable role in local educational endeavours and that is now moving towards supporting other members of the community. The paper thus provides insights regarding what has to be considered to create a mutually beneficial cooperation with all relevant stakeholders as well as a sustainable intervention.

      @article{ruller_technology_2021,
      title = {‘{Technology} is {Everywhere}, we have the {Opportunity} to {Learn} it in the {Valley}’: {The} {Appropriation} of a {Socio}-{Technical} {Enabling} {Infrastructure} in the {Moroccan} {High} {Atlas}},
      issn = {1573-7551},
      shorttitle = {‘{Technology} is {Everywhere}, we have the {Opportunity} to {Learn} it in the {Valley}’},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s10606-021-09401-8},
      doi = {10.1007/s10606-021-09401-8},
      abstract = {This paper describes the appropriation processes involved in establishing a socio-technical enabling infrastructure in a valley in the High Atlas of Morocco. We focus on the challenges of co-establishing such an intervention in a rural/mountainous region that is already undergoing a process of continuous development and profound transformation. We reflect upon the changes and unforeseen appropriation by our local partners and inhabitants in the valley of a computer club primarily used as an informal learning centre for school children. We followed an ethnographic approach and combined research perspectives from both socio-informatics and anthropology. This paper sheds light on what a successful cooperation and intervention in this kind of challenging environment can look like. It does this by taking seriously competing expectations, fragile infrastructural foundations and the socio-cultural context. Despite the challenges, the intervention managed to lead to the establishment of a socio-technical enabling infrastructure that plays a particularly valuable role in local educational endeavours and that is now moving towards supporting other members of the community. The paper thus provides insights regarding what has to be considered to create a mutually beneficial cooperation with all relevant stakeholders as well as a sustainable intervention.},
      language = {en},
      urldate = {2021-11-15},
      journal = {Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW)},
      author = {Rüller, Sarah and Aal, Konstantin and Holdermann, Simon and Tolmie, Peter and Hartmann, Andrea and Rohde, Markus and Zillinger, Martin and Wulf, Volker},
      month = nov,
      year = {2021},
      file = {Springer Full Text PDF:C\:\\Users\\Nathanael Klein\\Zotero\\storage\\V3YYKV7M\\Rüller et al. - 2021 - ‘Technology is Everywhere, we have the Opportunity.pdf:application/pdf},
      }

    2020


    • Rüller, S., Aal, K., Mouratidis, M. & Wulf, V. (2020)Messy Fieldwork: A Natural Necessity or a Result of Western Origins and Perspectives?

      Companion Publication of the 2020 ACM Designing Interactive Systems Conference. New York, NY, USA, Publisher: Association for Computing Machinery, Pages: 185–190 doi:10.1145/3393914.3395864
      [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

      With this Provocation, we aim at starting a dialogue between researchers who struggle with applying qualitative and ethnographic methods and following approaches in non-Western settings. Going by the book might not be an option when conducting research in politically charged or un-stable regions. Local politics, social pressure and even people’s personal safety are aspects that require consideration. Based on our experience from conducting fieldwork in Morocco, Palestine and Botswana, we reflect upon the difficulties we came across. We argue that, messiness, to some extent comes naturally with immersive fieldwork. On the other hand, in order to find ‘clean’ ways of conducting ethnographic fieldwork in non-Western contexts, novel forms of (applying) methods are needed. By providing questions regarding three different aspects (applying methods on the Ground, Ethics, and Participation) we encourage researchers to reflect upon their own experiences.

      @inproceedings{ruller_messy_2020,
      address = {New York, NY, USA},
      series = {{DIS}' 20 {Companion}},
      title = {Messy {Fieldwork}: {A} {Natural} {Necessity} or a {Result} of {Western} {Origins} and {Perspectives}?},
      isbn = {978-1-4503-7987-8},
      shorttitle = {Messy {Fieldwork}},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.1145/3393914.3395864},
      doi = {10.1145/3393914.3395864},
      abstract = {With this Provocation, we aim at starting a dialogue between researchers who struggle with applying qualitative and ethnographic methods and following approaches in non-Western settings. Going by the book might not be an option when conducting research in politically charged or un-stable regions. Local politics, social pressure and even people's personal safety are aspects that require consideration. Based on our experience from conducting fieldwork in Morocco, Palestine and Botswana, we reflect upon the difficulties we came across. We argue that, messiness, to some extent comes naturally with immersive fieldwork. On the other hand, in order to find 'clean' ways of conducting ethnographic fieldwork in non-Western contexts, novel forms of (applying) methods are needed. By providing questions regarding three different aspects (applying methods on the Ground, Ethics, and Participation) we encourage researchers to reflect upon their own experiences.},
      urldate = {2021-04-15},
      booktitle = {Companion {Publication} of the 2020 {ACM} {Designing} {Interactive} {Systems} {Conference}},
      publisher = {Association for Computing Machinery},
      author = {Rüller, Sarah and Aal, Konstantin and Mouratidis, Marios and Wulf, Volker},
      month = jul,
      year = {2020},
      keywords = {participation, ethnography, ethics, fieldwork, global south, methods, non-western, western},
      pages = {185--190},
      file = {Full Text PDF:C\:\\Users\\Nathanael Klein\\Zotero\\storage\\6WJJTIIH\\Rüller et al. - 2020 - Messy Fieldwork A Natural Necessity or a Result o.pdf:application/pdf},
      }

    2019


    • Rüller, S., Aal, K. & Holdermann, S. (2019)Reflections on a Design Case Study – (Educational) ICT Intervention with Imazighen in Morocco

      Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Communities & Technologies – Transforming Communities. New York, NY, USA, Publisher: Association for Computing Machinery, Pages: 172–177 doi:10.1145/3328320.3328406
      [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

      This case study describes the establishment of an educational ICT-intervention, a Computer Club, in the High Atlas, Morocco. We will first give an overview of the general approach and the first intervention. Then, we go into depth of the following trip, 15 months after the opening of the Computer Club. We describe the concerns to address and activities planned in advance based on the knowledge we acquired during the first intervention as well as on the insights we gained during this trip and discuss how much has changed. Reflections of these experiences discuss the importance of involving local partners, mitigating the power dynamics to build a trustful relationship and the impact of the intervention on the valley. We conclude with the most recent developments which involved a visit of the local partners to Germany to create a common understanding of the club approach.

      @inproceedings{ruller_reflections_2019,
      address = {New York, NY, USA},
      series = {C\&{T} '19},
      title = {Reflections on a {Design} {Case} {Study} - ({Educational}) {ICT} {Intervention} with {Imazighen} in {Morocco}},
      isbn = {978-1-4503-7162-9},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.1145/3328320.3328406},
      doi = {10.1145/3328320.3328406},
      abstract = {This case study describes the establishment of an educational ICT-intervention, a Computer Club, in the High Atlas, Morocco. We will first give an overview of the general approach and the first intervention. Then, we go into depth of the following trip, 15 months after the opening of the Computer Club. We describe the concerns to address and activities planned in advance based on the knowledge we acquired during the first intervention as well as on the insights we gained during this trip and discuss how much has changed. Reflections of these experiences discuss the importance of involving local partners, mitigating the power dynamics to build a trustful relationship and the impact of the intervention on the valley. We conclude with the most recent developments which involved a visit of the local partners to Germany to create a common understanding of the club approach.},
      urldate = {2021-04-16},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 9th {International} {Conference} on {Communities} \& {Technologies} - {Transforming} {Communities}},
      publisher = {Association for Computing Machinery},
      author = {Rüller, Sarah and Aal, Konstantin and Holdermann, Simon},
      month = jun,
      year = {2019},
      keywords = {HCI, Computer Club, HCI4D, ICT Intervention, ICT4D, Imazighen, Morocco},
      pages = {172--177},
      file = {Full Text PDF:C\:\\Users\\Nathanael Klein\\Zotero\\storage\\HFJZ28F6\\Rüller et al. - 2019 - Reflections on a Design Case Study - (Educational).pdf:application/pdf},
      }

    2018


    • Aal, K., Rüller, S., Holdermann, S., Tolmie, P., Rohde, M., Zillinger, M. & Wulf, V. (2018)Challenges of an Educational ICT Intervention: The Establishment of a MediaSpace in the High Atlas

      IN ECSCW 2003 Dordrecht doi:10.1007/978-94-010-0068-0_1
      [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

      This paper describes the challenges which were faced by establishing a MediaSpace in the High Atlas in Morocco. The focus lies on the adaption of the wellestablished computer club approach within a steadily developing and profoundly transforming rural/mountainous region. This paper presents different aspects during the establishment process and contrasts these experiences with two other studies in different contexts, on the one hand inhabitants of refugee camps in Palestine and on the other hand, socially marginalized migrants in Germany. Findings show the importance of understanding the local context, involving local partners and integrating the needs and requirements of the local population to establish a sustainable intervention.

      @incollection{aal_challenges_2018,
      address = {Dordrecht},
      title = {Challenges of an {Educational} {ICT} {Intervention}: {The} {Establishment} of a {MediaSpace} in the {High} {Atlas}},
      isbn = {978-94-010-3994-9 978-94-010-0068-0},
      shorttitle = {Pruning the {Answer} {Garden}},
      url = {http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-94-010-0068-0_1},
      abstract = {This paper describes the challenges which were faced by establishing a MediaSpace in the High Atlas in Morocco. The focus lies on the adaption of the wellestablished computer club approach within a steadily developing and profoundly transforming rural/mountainous region. This paper presents different aspects during the establishment process and contrasts these experiences with two other studies in different contexts, on the one hand inhabitants of refugee camps in Palestine and on the other hand, socially marginalized migrants in Germany. Findings show the importance of understanding the local context, involving local partners and integrating the needs and requirements of the local population to establish a sustainable intervention.},
      language = {en},
      urldate = {2021-04-16},
      booktitle = {{ECSCW} 2003},
      publisher = {Springer Netherlands},
      author = {Aal, Konstantin and Rüller, Sarah and Holdermann, Simon and Tolmie, Peter and Rohde, Markus and Zillinger, Martin and Wulf, Volker},
      year = {2018},
      doi = {10.1007/978-94-010-0068-0_1},
      pages = {1--20},
      file = {Pipek und Wulf - 2003 - Pruning the Answer Garden Knowledge Sharing in Ma.pdf:C\:\\Users\\Nathanael Klein\\Zotero\\storage\\754MHDBA\\Pipek und Wulf - 2003 - Pruning the Answer Garden Knowledge Sharing in Ma.pdf:application/pdf},
      }

    2017


    • Stickel, O., Aal, K., Fuchsberger, V., Tscheligi, M., Rüller, S., Wenzelmann, V., Pipek, V. & Wulf, V. (2017)3D printing/digital fabrication for education and the common good Workshop for C&T2017

      Workshop at the 8th international conference on Communities and Technologies. Troyes
      [BibTeX]

      @inproceedings{stickel_3d_2017,
      address = {Troyes},
      title = {{3D} printing/digital fabrication for education and the common good {Workshop} for {C}\&{T2017}},
      booktitle = {Workshop at the 8th international conference on {Communities} and {Technologies}},
      author = {Stickel, Oliver and Aal, Konstantin and Fuchsberger, Verena and Tscheligi, Manfred and Rüller, Sarah and Wenzelmann, Victoria and Pipek, Volkmar and Wulf, Volker},
      year = {2017},
      keywords = {CSCW, FabLab, yallah},
      }


    • Weibert, A., Mouratidis, M., Khateb, R., Rüller, S., Hosak, M., Potka, S., Aal, K. & Wulf, V. (2017)Creating Environmental Awareness with Upcycling Making Activities: A Study of Children in Germany and Palestine

      Proceedings of the 2017 Conference on Interaction Design and Children. New York, NY, USA, Publisher: ACM, Pages: 286–291 doi:10.1145/3078072.3079732
      [BibTeX] [Download PDF]

      @inproceedings{weibert_creating_2017,
      address = {New York, NY, USA},
      series = {{IDC} '17},
      title = {Creating {Environmental} {Awareness} with {Upcycling} {Making} {Activities}: {A} {Study} of {Children} in {Germany} and {Palestine}},
      isbn = {978-1-4503-4921-5},
      url = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/3078072.3079732},
      doi = {10.1145/3078072.3079732},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2017 {Conference} on {Interaction} {Design} and {Children}},
      publisher = {ACM},
      author = {Weibert, Anne and Mouratidis, Marios and Khateb, Renad and Rüller, Sarah and Hosak, Miriam and Potka, Shpresa and Aal, Konstantin and Wulf, Volker},
      year = {2017},
      keywords = {yallah, computer club, children, environment, intercultural, learning, making, upcycling},
      pages = {286--291},
      }